Exploring the Runes

The Elder Futhark is the oldest rune alphabet, with inscriptions dating back to 150CE.  It is the most commonly used rune set and contains 24 runes.  Each rune has its own set of magical correspondences.  My pages about the Elder Futhark include many rune correspondences but their primary function is to provide you with insights, ideas and inspiration for the development of your own rune practice. 

‘Futhark’ is the literal equivalent of the word ‘Alphabet’, the latter being a combination of Alpha and Beta, and the former being a combination of Fehu, Uruz, Thurisaz, Ansuz, Raidho and Kenaz (the first five letters of the Elder Futhark).

 The runes are divided into aettir which means ‘family’; there are three rune families with eight runes in each, each family is known as an aett.

First Aett

Fehu * Uruz * Thurisaz * Ansuz * Raidho * Kenaz * Gebo * Wunjo

Second Aett

Hagalaz * Nauthiz * Isa * Jera * Eihwaz * Perthro * Algiz * Sowilo

Third Aett

Teiwaz * Berkano * Ehwaz * Mannaz * Laguz * Inguz * Dagaz * Othala

Wyrd is not a rune in the traditional Elder Futhark but many modern sets include it.  The Wyrd rune is sometimes said to appear in a reading when you are not meant to know the answer; at other times it is said to contain the energies of all the runes within it.  Yet others claim the Wyrd rune is simply a spare.

The rune row in song