Simple lines etched into wood, stone, bone and horn.  These are the tangible form our rune heritage takes on ‘Midgard’ (‘Middle-Earth’) as it is known within the northern tradition.  The Rune Mistress Freya Aswynn explains the concept of ‘rune’ as the song or sound of the universe coming into existence (Power and Principles of the Runes, 2007).  Runes have shape, sound and meaning which we may learn and wield.  They exist, deeply embedded within language and consciousness.  They go deeper than memory and beyond that which we can explain with rationale intelligence alone.  They demand us to act intuitively, to feel with our bodies as well as our minds.  

The rune hoard pages provide you with the most common traditional, and modern meanings associated with each rune in the Elder Futhark.   

Where do the runes come from?

Almost 2,000 years ago the Roman Tacitus described the use of ‘lots’ carved with sigils which were thrown by the priest or head of family upon a white cloth and then interpreted.  The lots were made from fruit-bearing trees and the interpreter would invoke the wisdom of the Gods to assist him (Tacitus, Germania).  The Germanic peoples carved rune inscriptions to name objects, record ownership, memorialize heroes and ancestors, and seek protection and power.  By 150CE we can identify a particular set of runes called the ‘Elder Futhark’ which was used by Germanic peoples across what is now North-West Europe.

Myth tells us that Odin discovered the runes during a 9 day and 9 night initiation upon the world tree Yggdrasil.  The most commonly cited account is found in the  Havamal in the Poetic Edda where Odin tells us in his own words that ‘I peered right down into the deep, crying aloud I lifted the Runes then back I feel from thence’.  This is often interpreted as a shamanic ‘journeying’ experience as portrayed in this tenth century poem:

In a wood someone must from a high tree fall wingless – he will be in flight nonetheless, dances in the air until he can no longer be the tree’s fruit. Onto the roots he then sinks in dark spirits, bereft of his soul he falls to earth – his spirit is on its way. ~ The Fates of Men

Key terms

Futhark:  The term ‘Futhark’ is cognisant with the modern English term ‘Alphabet’ (which combines the first two letters of the Latin alphabet Alpha and Beta), and is made up of the first six letters of the Futhark (F U Th A R K:  FUTaRk: Fehu Uruz Thurisaz Ansuz Raidho and Kenaz). 

Rune: a whisper, a secret, a mystery

Yggdrasil: The World Tree.  Yggdrasil means ‘Odin’s steed’ which  we may assume relates to Odin’s experience discovering the runes.  This is the only title we know for the World Tree but it is likely there were others. 

Elder Futhark

Resources and information about the 24 runes

Reading the runes

Articles and resources to help you read the runes and build your rune casting experience.

Birth runes

Learn about your birth runes and the heroic path they invite you to take.